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design of thiamphenicol granules treated on salmonella

  • Reorganization of the Endosomal System in Salmonella ...

    2014-9-25 · Besides new insight into the complexity of SCV membrane arrangement, our study revealed for the first time two morphologically distinct types of Salmonella-induced tubules (SIT) in Salmonella-infected epithelial cells and macrophages: (i) type 1 SIT, delimited by a single membrane with a lumen containing electron-dense granules and vesicles, reminiscent of the luminal content …

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  • Researcher, 2012;4(2) http://www.sciencepub.net/researcher ...

    2012-2-26 · thiamphenicol possessing a wide spectrum of activity against both gram positive and gram negative bacteria including Pasturilla, Salmonella, E coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The mechanism of antibacterial activity of florfenicol is similar to that of chloramphenicol and thiamphenicol, through inhibition of bacterial protein

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  • Effect of a Multi-Species Probiotic on the Colonisation of ...

    2019-11-29 · The study consisted of a fully randomised design with a total of 476 broilers, confirmed to be free from Salmonella, separated into 68 cages (7 birds per cage) and divided into four experimental groups (17 cages, thus 119 birds per group). Housing conditions were as described elsewhere.

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  • Organic acid and formaldehyde treatment of animal feeds to ...

    2020-5-3 · Experimental design The study was carried out in five separate trials, using dif-ferent study conditions (Fig. 1, Table 1). Salmonella was cultured from artificially contaminated feed samples that were subsequently treated with commercially available products containing organic acid/formaldehyde (treat-ments). The comparison of interest was the rate of

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  • Effect of On-Farm Litter Acidification Treatments on ...

    2006-9-1 · These studies were conducted to determine the effect of 2 acidifying litter treatment chemicals commonly applied for ammonia control, aluminum sulfate and sodium bisulfate, on Salmonella and Campylobacter populations associated with broiler chickens during production. MATERIALS AND METHODS Experimental Design. Two replicate trials were conducted.

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  • Florfenicol (5%,10%,30%) Water Soluble Powder/Granular ...

    2009-2-15 · CpG-ODN treatment had no effect on heterophil oxidative burst when stimulated with HK-SE or PMA. However, HK-SE and live SE increased degranulation (P < 0.01) in heterophils from CpG-ODN-treated birds compared to PBS-treated controls. In a second experiment, chickens were orally infected with SE on day 10 post-hatch and cecal contents were collected 6 days later for …

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  • In ovo treatment with CpG oligodeoxynucleotides decreases ...

    2018-8-27 · The four types of granules are the azurophil, specific, gelatinase, and secretory granules . Since the granules are formed during neutrophil differentiation, their constituent proteins are “pre-packaged,” and readily available to be released to participate in various functions in the host’s response to infection or inflammation . When neutrophils are activated, the contents of the secretory granules …

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  • The role of neutrophil granule proteins in ...

    2018-2-15 · The design of innovative systems is frequently driven by the valorisation of the organic matter present in sewage through its conversion into methane, which is possible in anaerobic processes. So, low temperature anaerobic pre-treatment processes are being installed before the aerobic biological units, allowing the exposure of OMPs to different ...

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  • Understanding the sorption and biotransformation of ...

    Twenty-four horses were randomly divided into three groups (8 horses/group) and treated, according a parallel study design, as follows: Group A untreated (control group), Group B received 4 …

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  • Effect of On-Farm Litter Acidification Treatments on ...

    2006-9-1 · Two commercially available litter treatments, aluminum sulfate and sodium bisulfate, were tested to determine their effect on Campylobacter and Salmonella levels associated with commercial broilers during a 6-wk grow-out period. A total of 20 broiler houses at 10 different locations were studied; 5 aluminum sulfate-treated houses, 5 sodium bisulfate-treated houses, …

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  • Effect of a Multi-Species Probiotic on the Colonisation of ...

    2019-11-29 · Newly hatched broiler chickens are the most susceptible to Salmonella infections, especially during the first 24 h. At this age, the gut microbiome is not fully developed and offers little protection in the form of competitive exclusion. In this study, one group of newly hatched, Salmonella-free broilers were colonised with a multi-species probiotic (2.0 × 1010 to 8.9 × 1010 …

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  • In ovo treatment with CpG oligodeoxynucleotides decreases ...

    2009-2-15 · Recognition of bacterial PAMPs through innate immune receptors, such as TLR’s, also enable heterophils to release toxic granules that contribute to bactericidal activity (He et al., 2005a, Kogut et al., 2005).In the present study, heterophils from CpG#17-treated birds had increased degranulation compared to PBS controls when the cells were stimulated with HK-SE and live SE …

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  • The role of neutrophil granule proteins in ...

    2018-8-27 · Neutrophils are the innate immune system’s first line of defense. Neutrophils play a critical role in protecting the host against infectious pathogens, resolving sterile injuries, and mediating inflammatory responses. The granules of neutrophils and their constituent proteins are central to these functions. Although neutrophils may exert a protective role upon acute …

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  • Salmonella-Based Therapy Targeting Indoleamine 2,3 ...

    2016-7-13 · Salmonella enterica is a major food-borne pathogen able to cause diarrhoea or thyphoid/paratyphoid fever [].The systemic infection is often preceded by an asymptomatic chronic colonization or by a local infection process. One of the major problems associated with persistent colonization or infection is the steady rise of antibiotic resistance among strains, which can lead …

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  • Multiple adaptive routes of Salmonella enterica ...

    2013-10-1 · To compare S. enterica serovar Enteritidis inactivation levels reached by using high pressure homogenization (HPH) and heat treatment and to evaluate the effect of initial inoculum level on its inactivation, two different batches of LWE were inoculated with S. enterica serovar Enteritidis 155 at 7 and 4 log CFU ml −1 and treated by HPH at 100 MPa for 1–5 passes.

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  • High pressure homogenization vs heat treatment: Safety

    2020-4-17 · Autophagy is a cellular process to clear pathogens. Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (S.E) has emerged as one of the most important food-borne pathogens. However, major studies still focus on Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. Here, we reported that AvrA, a S. Enteritidis effector, inhibited autophagy to promote bacterial survival in the host.

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  • Frontiers | Salmonella Enteritidis Effector AvrA ...

    2020-1-1 · The results indicated that the fluorescence signal of the untreated salmonella suspension was the lowest, suggesting that few protein compounds were detected and few cells were destroyed. Excluding FKD-825, the fluorescence signal of the suspension treated with CPAM-g-NCS was higher than those that were treated with CPAM and PAC.

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  • Assessment of a novel nanostructured flocculant with ...

    2013-5-7 · In this study, core–shell [email protected] nanowires with different iron oxide shell thickness were synthesized through tuning water-aging time after the reduction of ferric ions with sodium borohydride without any stirring. We found that these [email protected] nanowires exhibited interesting core–shell structure dependent reactivity on the aerobic degradation of 4-chlorophenol.

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  • Reorganization of the Endosomal System in Salmonella ...

    2014-9-25 · Figure S3: Intracellular replication of Salmonella in HeLa-LAMP1-GFP cells. Parental HeLa cells and the clones 6–9, 6–10, 7–11 and 7–20 stably expressing hLAMP1-GFP were infected with Salmonella WT and ssaV strains each harboring pFPV25/mCherry for 2 and 16 h. The number of intracellular bacteria was determined by plating lysates and determination of colony-forming …

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  • A Study on the Antimicrobial and Antibiofilm Peptide 1018 ...

    2021-6-1 · For this reason, in order to obtain more representative results, more than 40 Salmonella strains across 32 different serotypes were involved in the experimental design. As reported in Table 1, a high variability, in terms of bacterial susceptibility to 1018-K6, was found among Salmonella subspecies and serovars. Nevertheless, each strain was ...

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  • High pressure homogenization vs heat treatment: Safety

    2013-10-1 · To compare S. enterica serovar Enteritidis inactivation levels reached by using high pressure homogenization (HPH) and heat treatment and to evaluate the effect of initial inoculum level on its inactivation, two different batches of LWE were inoculated with S. enterica serovar Enteritidis 155 at 7 and 4 log CFU ml −1 and treated by HPH at 100 MPa for 1–5 passes.

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  • GEO Accession viewer

    2013-5-21 · GEO help: Mouse over screen elements for information. Paneth cell granule dissolution and bacterial colonization in the intestine of CF mice. Paneth cells of intestinal crypts contribute to host defense by producing antimicrobial peptides that are packaged as granules for secretion into the crypt lumen. Here, we provide evidence using light and ...

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  • Assessment of a novel nanostructured flocculant with ...

    2020-1-1 · The results indicated that the fluorescence signal of the untreated salmonella suspension was the lowest, suggesting that few protein compounds were detected and few cells were destroyed. Excluding FKD-825, the fluorescence signal of the suspension treated with CPAM-g-NCS was higher than those that were treated with CPAM and PAC.

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  • Frontiers | Salmonella Enteritidis Effector AvrA ...

    2020-4-17 · Introduction. Salmonella is a Gram-negative, facultative anaerobe and an intracellular pathogen to both humans and animals.Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis has emerged as one of the most important food-borne pathogens for humans, and it is mainly associated with the consumption of contaminated poultry meat and egg (1, 2).Infection caused by Salmonella …

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  • Mechanisms of bactericidal action of Eugenol against ...

    2020-10-21 · Transmission Electron micrograph of Escherichia coli treated with 0.125 µl ml Eugenol. a) cell wall lysis and cell membrane disruption. b) leaching out of nutrients and nucleic materials. c) electron dense granules around the cell wall and electron light region in …

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  • (PDF) Neal G. Anderson-Practical Process Research ...

    2015-11-8 · Inactivation of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and Quality Maintenance of Cherry Tomatoes Treated with Gaseous Essential Oils Journal of Food Science 2013 78(3):458-464 Yun Juan; Fan, Xuetong; Li, Xihong 10.1111/1750-3841.12052 14

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  • Branched DNA/RNA monomers and uses thereof -

    Neal G. Anderson-Practical Process Research & Development (2000)

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  • TECHNICAL NOTES ON DRINKING-WATER, SANITATION AND

    It comes in several forms: powder, granules, tablets, liquid and gas. It is usually readily available in one form or another and relatively inexpensive. It dissolves easily in water. It provides residual disinfection (see Box 11.2). It is effective against a wide range of disease- causing micro-organisms. It is a powerful oxidizing agent which ...

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  • A Versatile Human Intestinal Organoid-Derived Epithelial ...

    Malaria case management, consisting of early diagnosis and prompt effective treatment, remains a vital component of malaria control and elimination strategies. The WHO Guidelines for the treatment of malaria were first developed in 2006 and have been revised periodically, with the most recent edition published in 2015. WHO guidelines contain recommendations on clinical practice or …

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  • CASE MANAGEMENT - WHO Guidelines for malaria - NCBI

    2020-11-30 · 食品科学与技术国家重点实验室是在原江南大学食品科学与安全和南昌大学食品科学两个教育部重点实验室的基础上建立起来的国内食品科学领域第一个国家重点实验室。

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  • Purification of cross-linked RNA-protein complexes by ...

    2019-3-1 · Hot-PTex from Salmonella. For global mapping of RNA–protein interactions in Salmonellagg, 3 min, 4 °C, the upper aqueous phase (Aq1) was mixed again with the same volumes of phenol-toluol-BCP ...

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  • Farm use of calcium hydroxide as an effective barrier ...

    2021-4-12 · Escherichia coli, Salmonella, and highly pathogenic avian influenza are inactivated in 24 h, 2 h, and 5–10 min, respectively 6,7,8. Disinfection by Ca(OH) 2 is …

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  • Inhibition of Nuclear Transport of NF-ĸB p65 by the ...

    2016-5-27 · Author Summary Salmonella Typhimurium replicates in macrophages through the action of effector proteins translocated into host cells by a type III secretion system (T3SS). We show that the T3SS effector SpvD targets the NF-ĸB pathway by interfering with nuclear translocation of p65. SpvD interacts with the exportin Xpo2. Perturbation of Xpo2 disrupts …

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  • (PDF) IMMUNOSTIMULATORY EFFECTS OF ... -

    Computer-aided design and screening of oxazolyl thiosemicarbazones againt multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: coupling 2D descriptors with topological differences. By Fidele Ntie-Kang. Effect of Chromolaena Odorata on Hepatotoxicology and Histopathology in the Liver Induced by Salmonella Typhi in Wistar Rats.

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  • REDOXY-3C – Granule Dosing Technology – Watch

    REDOXY-3C is a granule dosing technology for surface water purification and mediation through natural biological processes. Combine treatment technologies for immediate results with lowest initial investment. Combine treatment for surface water and groundwater remediation.In combined remediation technologies such as mixing, diluting and dosing using pumps and to treat, and …

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  • Ataxin-2 Interacts with the DEAD/H-Box RNA Helicase

    2018-4-4 · No colocalization of DCP1 and ATXN2 was observed in heat- or arsenite-treated cells (Figure 2C), revealing that the localization of ATXN2, like for TIA-1, is restricted to SGs. Figure 2. ATXN2 and DDX6 colocalize in stress granules. DU145 cells were treated with 0.5 mM arsenite or heat shocked at 43.5°C for 1 h.

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  • CASE MANAGEMENT - WHO Guidelines for malaria - NCBI

    Malaria case management, consisting of early diagnosis and prompt effective treatment, remains a vital component of malaria control and elimination strategies. The WHO Guidelines for the treatment of malaria were first developed in 2006 and have been revised periodically, with the most recent edition published in 2015. WHO guidelines contain recommendations on clinical practice or …

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  • Comparative genomic and phenotypic characterization of ...

    2021-2-1 · Author summary Non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) has been associated with life-threatening bacteremia in sub-Saharan Africa where co-morbidities such as HIV and malaria are highly prevalent. Children under the age of 5 are especially vulnerable to invasive NTS infections. The emergence and spread of multi-drug resistant invasive NTS isolates have limited the …

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  • Homotypic Fusion of Immature Secretory Granules during ...

    S ecretory granules are specialized exocytic vesicles responsible for the controlled release of bioactive molecules, such as hormones. During the lifetime of the secretory granule, from formation to consumption, a series of regulatory events control its composition and size. Control of these events is crucial for the fidelity of regulated secretion.

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  • Resolvase-In Vivo Expression Technology Analysis of the ...

    Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is a facultative intracellular enteric pathogen that causes gastroenteritis in humans and an enteric fever-like disease in mice. A major mechanism of virulence is the ability to actively counteract host cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAMP), an important component of the nonoxidative killing mechanisms of the innate immune system (40, 41).

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  • Biofilms in bioremediation and wastewater treatment ...

    2016-11-22 · The bacterial community structure and diversity were assessed at the scale of rotating biodisk procedure (RB) in a semi-industrial pilot plant. As well, the Salmonella community was particularly monitored, and the effects of ultraviolet (UV-C254) on the bacterial community were studied. The identification of dominant bacteria revealed the presence of beneficial and useful …

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  • Farm use of calcium hydroxide as an effective barrier ...

    2021-4-12 · Escherichia coli, Salmonella, and highly pathogenic avian influenza are inactivated in 24 h, 2 h, and 5–10 min, respectively 6,7,8. Disinfection by Ca(OH) 2 is …

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  • Production of a Dominant-Negative Fragment Due to G3BP1 ...

    2013-11-18 · Cells treated with arsenite alone for 3 or 5 hrs were used as negative controls. Cells were fixed and stained for endogenous G3BP1, poly-A mRNA, and nuclei. Percent of cells expressing G3BP1-SGs and poly-A granules was quantified as described in Materials and Methods (mean ± SD, n = 5 images), N.D., No statistical difference, #p<0.001.

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  • (PDF) IMMUNOSTIMULATORY EFFECTS OF ... -

    Computer-aided design and screening of oxazolyl thiosemicarbazones againt multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: coupling 2D descriptors with topological differences. By Fidele Ntie-Kang. Effect of Chromolaena Odorata on Hepatotoxicology and Histopathology in the Liver Induced by Salmonella Typhi in Wistar Rats.

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  • Florfenicol induces early embryonic death in eggs ...

    2015-8-18 · Florfenicol, a commonly used veterinary antibiotic, was reported to have caused a severe drop in egg hatchability following its off-label use on a broiler breeder farm in South Africa. According to the pharmacovigilance report, hatchability dropped by 80 % for up to a week following a five day course at 10 mg/kg (both males and females treated metaphylactically) to manage an …

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  • Sci-Hub: removing barriers in the way of science

    Sci-Hub ideas. We fight inequality in knowledge access across the world. The scientific knowledge should be available for every person regardless of their income, social status, geographical location and etc. Our mission is to remove any barrier which impeding the widest possible distribution of knowledge in human society!

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  • Enhancement of Immunohistochemical Detection of

    Introduction. Salmonella is an important pathogen threatening porcine and human health as well as food safety. Amid the most pervasive sources of foodborne diseases, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) is especially strongly linked with human disease caused by the consumption of contaminated pork. 1-3 In pigs, an S. Typhimurium infection triggers clinical …

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  • Genetic Subtyping: Food Safety Applications

    2021-7-13 · Objective To establish a HPLC method for simultaneous determination of quercitrin, luteoloside, rutin and 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β- D -glucoside in Yangxue Anshen syrup. Methods Waters symmetry C 18 column (250 mm×4.6 mm, 5 μm) was used with 0.1% acetic acid (A) and methanol (B) as the mobile phase.

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  • Design and Characterization of Corn Starch Edible Films ...

    2010-2-22 · lot # 8028 tested positive for Salmonella by a private laboratory. After the firm retested the product and received a negative status. the product was shipped in interstate commerce. • Medium Chopped Granules manufactured on January 24, 2008 under lot # 8024 tested positive for Salmonella by a private laboratory. After the firm retested the

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  • 5-Fluorouracil affects assembly of stress granules based ...

    2016-9-13 · The effectiveness of edible films (EFs) used as coatings to maintain the quality and safety of fresh produce for long time depends on their functional properties characterization. This study was aimed to design and evaluate physicochemical, barrier, mechanical, and antimicrobial properties of EFs based on corn starch (acetylated cross-linked (ACLS) or oxidized (OS)), micro …

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  • Antimicrobial Mechanism and Identification of the Proteins ...

    2014-4-11 · Moreover, we revealed that stress granule assembly under stress conditions as well as disassembly is altered in cells treated with 5-fluorouracil. Notably, we discovered that RACK1, a protein mediating cell survival and apoptosis, is a component of 5-fluorouracil-induced stress granules.

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  • Frontiers | In Vitro and in Vivo Selection of Potentially ...

    2020-12-8 · Myrtus communis (“myrtle”) and Asphaltum punjabianum (“shilajeet”) are a medicinal plant and a long-term-humified dead plant material, respectively. We studied their antibacterial and anticandidal activities against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans. The activities of the aqueous extracts of the studied materials were …

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  • Effect of heating and acidic pH on characteristics of ...

    Rescuing potential of L. pentosus D303.36 and L. coryniformis H307.6 against Salmonella enterica infection. Kaplan–Mèier Survival plot of C. elegans fed L. pentosus D303.36 or L. coryniformis H307.6 in a 1:1 co-colture with S. enterica serovar Thyphimurium LT2. Worms fed Salmonella alone were taken as control (**p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001).

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  • Chicken Egg Yolk Antibody (IgY) Protects Mice Against ...

    2019-1-20 · Effect of pH and heating on structural changes. Figure 1 shows the SEM images of the CG and acid treated samples with the CG showing the presence of large solid particles rather than a defined network structure. Conversely, the treated samples showed larger gluten agglomerates that may have resulted via disulphide bonds leading to formation of cross-links (Wang et al., 2016).

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  • Management of Process Solids, Sludges, and Residuals ...

    2021-4-13 · Chicken egg yolk antibody (IgY), considered as a potential substitute for antibiotics, has been used for preventing pathogens infection in food, human and animals. This study investigated effects of IgY on growth, adhesion inhibitory and morphology of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) K88 in vitro, and evaluated the protective effects of ...

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  • 5-Fluorouracil affects assembly of stress granules based ...

    2014-4-11 · 5-FU-induced SGs contain bona fide SG marker proteins.(A) HeLa cells were treated with 0.1 mM 5-FU for 72 h and processed for immunostaining of the SG marker proteins G3BP (green) and eIF4G (red) (left panel), or ATXN2 (green) and ATXN2L (red) (right panel). Nuclei were stained with Hoechst. Scale bars represent 20 μm. (B) Representative view fields of the …

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  • Antimicrobial Mechanism and Identification of the Proteins ...

    2020-12-8 · Myrtus communis (“myrtle”) and Asphaltum punjabianum (“shilajeet”) are a medicinal plant and a long-term-humified dead plant material, respectively. We studied their antibacterial and anticandidal activities against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans. The activities of the aqueous extracts of the studied materials were …

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  • Prevalence of Salmonella in 11 Spices Offered for Sale ...

    2017-10-4 · In 1989, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) documented the presence of Salmonella in samples of whole black pepper offered for import to the United States, finding four different serotypes in the pathogen-positive samples ().In 2006, Vij et al. reported that Salmonella contamination of spices was the cause of 95% of the U.S. food recalls associated with spices in …

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  • Interleukin-22 promotes phagolysosomal fusion to induce ...

    2018-10-2 · We generated intestinal organoids from stem cells from a patient with infantile inflammatory bowel disease harboring a homozygous loss-of-function variant in the IL10RB gene, leaving the patient’s cells unable to respond to interleukin-22. Using both human stem cell and murine models, we show that IL-22 primes intestinal epithelial cells to control Salmonella …

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  • Frontiers | In Vitro and in Vivo Selection of Potentially ...

    Table olives are increasingly recognized as a vehicle as well as a source of probiotic bacteria, especially those fermented with traditional procedures based on the activity of indigenous microbial consortia, originating from local environments. In the present study, we report characterization at the species level of 49 Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) strains deriving from Nocellara del Belice ...

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  • General Efficacy Data - ICA-TriNova, LLC

    Inoculum (100 ml, ca. 6.8 log CFU) containing five serotypes of Salmonella enterica, five strains of E. coli O157:H7, or five strains of L. monocytogenes was deposited on the skin and cut surfaces of fresh-cut vegetables, dried for 30 min at 228C, held for 20 h at 48C, and then incubated for 30 min at 228C before treatment. Download PDF.

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  • NSAIDs disrupt intestinal homeostasis by suppressing ...

    2019-10-10 · YAMC cells seeded in 96-well plates at 4 × 10 4 cells/well, were infected with Salmonella at an MOI of 100 and treated with the appropriate compound as described above (Salmonella infection ...

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  • Isolation, Composition, Structure, Properties ...

    2019-1-20 · Effect of pH and heating on structural changes. Figure 1 shows the SEM images of the CG and acid treated samples with the CG showing the presence of large solid particles rather than a defined network structure. Conversely, the treated samples showed larger gluten agglomerates that may have resulted via disulphide bonds leading to formation of cross-links (Wang et al., 2016).

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  • Wastewater Technology Fact Sheet: Chlorine Disinfection

    2012-9-26 · Title: Wastewater Technology Fact Sheet: Chlorine Disinfection Author: US EPA, OW, OWM, Water Permits Division Subject: Fact sheet on disinfection, one of the primary mechanisms for the inactivation or destruction of pathogenic organisms.

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  • Antimicrobial Mechanism and Identification of the Proteins ...

    2020-12-8 · Myrtus communis (“myrtle”) and Asphaltum punjabianum (“shilajeet”) are a medicinal plant and a long-term-humified dead plant material, respectively. We studied their antibacterial and anticandidal activities against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans. The activities of the aqueous extracts of the studied materials were …

    Get Price
  • Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Reactors | Global Water Pathogen

    2018-3-21 · Anaerobic sludge blanket reactors produce from 0.1 to 0.2 kg of dry sludge per m 3 of treated wastewater. Sludge granules and flocs that remain suspended in the blanket should be retained in the system, as they provide a surface for the growth of beneficial microbial communities. ... 1.0 log 10 removal for Salmonella ... The design engineer ...

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  • Frontiers | In Vitro and in Vivo Selection of Potentially ...

    Rescuing potential of L. pentosus D303.36 and L. coryniformis H307.6 against Salmonella enterica infection. Kaplan–Mèier Survival plot of C. elegans fed L. pentosus D303.36 or L. coryniformis H307.6 in a 1:1 co-colture with S. enterica serovar Thyphimurium LT2. Worms fed Salmonella alone were taken as control (**p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001).

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  • Interleukin-22 promotes phagolysosomal fusion to induce ...

    2018-10-2 · We generated intestinal organoids from stem cells from a patient with infantile inflammatory bowel disease harboring a homozygous loss-of-function variant in the IL10RB gene, leaving the patient’s cells unable to respond to interleukin-22. Using both human stem cell and murine models, we show that IL-22 primes intestinal epithelial cells to control Salmonella …

    Get Price
  • Isolation, Composition, Structure, Properties ...

    2017-8-18 · Summary. Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the safety and efficacy of Avatec ® 150G (lasalocid A sodium) for chickens for fattening and chickens reared for laying. The FEEDAP Panel was also requested to assess the compliance with …

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  • Basic pharmacological mechanisms and clinical evidence of ...

    2020-12-2 · Virulent Salmonella enteritidis strain was injected in mice subcutaneously inoculated with lymphoma. Survival rate and IFN‐γ production from spleen cells increased 8‐fold, 7 days: Listeria monocytogenes was orally treated in mice. Number of Listeria in liver and Peyer's patch decreased. Bactericidal effect of collected peritoneal ...

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  • Deutsche Pharmakologische Gesellschaft - Abstracts of the ...

    Diaplacental Transfer and Fetal Distribution of Thiamphenicol in Early Human Pregnancy. Seiten 15-15. ... Ion-Dependence of ATP-Stimulated Lysis of Chromaffin Granules. Seiten 48-48. Burger, A. (et al.) ... Part 1: Study Design. Seiten 64-64. Gugler, R. (et al.) ...

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  • Patent 2997136 Summary - Canadian Patents Database

    treated mice. FIG. 4B is a graph showing that niclosamide suspension administered rectally at a dose of 30 mg/kg on days 1 and 2 results in a significantly lower colitis score compared to vehicle control treated mice or mice that received TNBS and no …

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  • DESCRIPTION - Colorado Department of Transportation

    2020-7-9 · Salmonella < 3 MPN/4 grams of TS, or Coliform Bacteria < 1000 MPN/gram. Pass. TMECC 07.01-B. ... the granules shall be included with the seed in the drill seeder such that the mycorrhizae is placed at or below the seed. ... the 4 inches of subsoil underlying the sod shall be treated by tilling in fertilizer, compost, or humates as specified on ...

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  • Mechanism of antimicrobial action of indolicidin | FEMS ...

    1998-3-1 · Abstract. Indolicidin, a 13-residue antimicrobial peptide isolated from cytoplasmic granules of bovine neutrophils, exhibits activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria as well as fungi. Although indolicidin is bactericidal and permeabilizes the bacterial membranes, it does not lyse the bacterial cells.

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  • Effect of heating and acidic pH on characteristics of ...

    2019-1-20 · Effect of pH and heating on structural changes. Figure 1 shows the SEM images of the CG and acid treated samples with the CG showing the presence of large solid particles rather than a defined network structure. Conversely, the treated samples showed larger gluten agglomerates that may have resulted via disulphide bonds leading to formation of cross-links (Wang et al., 2016).

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  • Survival and Virulence of Listeria monocytogenes during ...

    2020-6-18 · The survival and virulence of Listeria monocytogenes was assessed during storage on three low-moisture foods (LMFs): chocolate liquor, corn flakes, and shelled, dry-roasted pistachios (water activity [a w] of 0.18, 0.27, and 0.20, respectively).The LMFs were inoculated with a four-strain cocktail of L. monocytogenes at 8 log CFU/g, dried, held until the a w stabilized, and then …

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  • Mercosur

    2020-7-7 · In granules, of a particle diameter exceeding 2 mm, in accordance with ASTM E 11-70 39071099 39072011 39072012 Not containing fillers 39072020 Magnopyrol 29331119 29331120 Methylenebis(4-methylamino-1-phenyl-2,3-dimethyl)pyrazolone 29331190 29331911 Phenylbutazone calcium 29331919 29331990 29332110 Iprodione 29332121 Phenytoin and its …

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  • 9 Gram-negative bacilli - StuDocu

    System Analysis and Design (ITM305) Introduction to Learning (PS261) Operations Management (Busi 3401) Addiction in Contemporary Society (SOWK 2020) Occupational Health and Safety (Idrl 308) Hockey in Canadian History (HIST 2280) Biochemistry for Nurses (Bioc 1430) Introduction to Psychology (Psychology 1000) Society and You (Sociology 1025A/B)

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  • NSAIDs disrupt intestinal homeostasis by suppressing ...

    2019-10-10 · YAMC cells seeded in 96-well plates at 4 × 10 4 cells/well, were infected with Salmonella at an MOI of 100 and treated with the appropriate compound as described above (Salmonella infection ...

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    T helper type 1 (Th1) lymphocytes secrete secrete interleukin (IL)-2, interferon-γ, and lymphotoxin-α and stimulate type 1 immunity, which is characterized by intense phagocytic activity. Conversely, Th2 cells secrete IL-4, IL-5, IL-9, IL-10, and IL-13 and stimulate type 2 immunity, which is characterized by high antibody titers.

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  • Comparison of Prophylactic or Therapeutic Dietary ...

    2005-12-1 · Salmonella Typhimurium (ST) is the second most prevalent food-borne disease of bacterial origin in the United States (), and according to the Centers for Disease Control 2002 annual report (), ST and Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) are recognized as the first and second most common serotypes found in humans. Salmonella is also regarded as a major contributor to food …

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  • Method for propagating microorganisms within plant ...

    Method for propagating microorganisms within plant bioreactors and stably storing microorganisms within agricultural seeds Abstract. The present invention relates to methods of scalably producing microorganisms by propagating them within plant tissues and introducing them into agricultural seeds to improve their shelf-life during long-term storage, to produce substances of interest, …

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  • Re‐evaluation of agar (E 406) as a food additive - - 2016 ...

    In the non-brand-loyal scenario, the mean exposure to agar (E 406) from its use as a food additive ranged from 0.01 mg/kg bw per day in infants to 8.4 mg/kg bw per day in toddlers. The 95th percentile of exposure to agar (E 406) ranged from < 0.01 mg/kg bw per day in infants to 26.2 mg/kg bw per day in toddlers.

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  • Zone of Inhibition Test for Antimicrobial Activity ...

    Zone of Inhibition Test for Antimicrobial Activity. A Zone of Inhibition Test, also called a Kirby-Bauer Test, is a qualitative method used clinically to measure antibiotic resistance and industrially to test the ability of solids and textiles to inhibit microbial growth. Researchers who develop antimicrobial textiles, surfaces, and liquids use ...

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  • InnateDB: Systems Biology of the Innate Immune Response

    InnateDB is a publicly available database of the genes, proteins, experimentally-verified interactions and signaling pathways involved in the innate immune response of humans, mice and bovines to microbial infection. The database captures an improved coverage of the innate immunity interactome by integrating known interactions and pathways from major public databases …

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  • Induction of Robust Immune Responses by CpG-ODN

    ChBMDCs were mock treated or treated with 200 ng/mL free CpG or CpG-NP for 24 hr, and the culture supernatant was collected and stored at −80°C until use. The presence of IFN-γ in the culture supernatant was detected using the IFN-gamma Chicken Matched Antibody Pair (Invitrogen) according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

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  • Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology

    2005-11-4 · Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology (JBN) is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal providing broad coverage in all research areas focused on the applications of nanotechnology in medicine, drug delivery systems, infectious disease, biomedical sciences, biotechnology, and all other related fields of life sciences.

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  • 9 Gram-negative bacilli - StuDocu

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